Dental Treatment in Diabetics

Diabetes mellitus is the most prevalent endocrine disease, resulting in increased blood sugar levels, caused by a defect in insulin secretion, impaired glucose tolerance or both.

The disease is commonly accompanied by systemic and oral complications that are important in assessing the severity of the disease. Systemic complications include delayed wound healing, tendency for infection, eye diseases, and heart problems. Oral manifestations of the disease include tendency of gum disease, dental decay, dry mouth, opportunistic infections, burning mouth syndrome.

Often diabetic patients endure an early loss of teeth due to gum disease, commonly known as “Pyorrhea”. The disease manifests as mobile teeth, bone loss in the jaws and pus formation in the gums. Inability to eat food properly, leads to malnourishment and further exacerbates the disease.

Unhealthy mouth can be a source of infection, which can get transferred to the body via the digestive system. The elevated blood sugar levels associated with diabetes, can lead to operational difficulties, followed by slow healing process.

Literature suggests stable and well controlled diabetes shows predictable success following dental procedure.

Dental implants enable clinicians to offer stable oral rehabilitative solutions for replacement of missing teeth. Further patients can experience the joy of eating food similar to their natural teeth. Strong healthy implants are easy on maintenance, having life like natural looking (esthetic) appearance and no chances of dental decay, improving quality of life by a great magnitude.

Prophylactic measures advised for maintenance of clean infection- free mouth include:-

1. Regular brushing of teeth twice daily, with a soft brush and fluoridated toothpaste.
2. Use of an antibacterial mouthwash.
3. Through oral prophylaxis (professional cleaning of tartar), by dentist every 6 months.

A healthy mouth is a gateway towards a healthy body.